Mountaineering and rock climbing terms can be as foreign as another language if you are new to the sport. Here are the A to Z's in some of the terms you will use while participating in these exciting sports. Mountaineering and rock climbing terms can be as foreign as another language if you are new to the sport. Here are the A to Z's in some of the terms you will use while participating in these exciting sports.
A; Abseil. Abseiling is a method that can be used to safely descend using a rope, also know as rappelling. The speed at which you descend is controlled by friction that the person descending by wrapping the rope around the body or with another mechanical friction device.
B; Belay. Belaying is the term used to describe managing a rope system where one person is protecting another while he is exposed on the face of the rock. The person belaying is able to stop the rope in the case of a fall.
C; Cams and chocks are mechanical wedges and devices that are used as protection. They come in many sizes and are placed in the crack of the rock with a quick draw and karabiner which is clipped to your rope.
D; Daisy Chain is a sling, usually made of nylon, that is tied or sewn strongly into numerous sections. They can be used to clip gear to, such as your quick-draws or cams.
E; Etriers is a ladder, sewn or tied, made from rope or nylon strapping. They are used when artificially climbing or aid climbing to step up to the next aid.
F; Fifi hook. The fifi hook function is somewhat like the daisy chain?s. You can use the fifi hook to quickly "hook" into a piece of placed protection to immediately protect yourself or rest. It is only a hook, and unlike the karabiner, when the draw is slack, the hook may come unseated from the protection.
G; Girth hitch. The girth hitch is an easily tied knot used to secure nylon webbing to a partially driven piton.
H; Hero loops. Used for aid climbing, hero loops are a short sling or tie off used in aid climbing. Usually ? inch webbing threaded through protection instead of a karabiner.
I; Ice axe. The ice axe is a basic tool which looks like a traditional axe. They vary in size and have a pick on one side an adze on the other. Used primarily for arresting falls on ice and snow and assisting the climber in vertical ice climbing.
J; Jamming or Jam is wedging your hands, feet, arms, knees and legs in the cracks of the rock to facilitate holds.
K; Karabiners (or Carabineers) are the universal method of managing rope systems while climbing. They are two basic shapes, oval or "D". However, there are many shapes that stem from those, pear-shaped, off-set "D" and bent gate. They are usually aluminum, alloy or steel. There are three types; Locking, lightweight and normal.
L; Leading or leader is the climber who climbs the pitch first.
M; Monkey hang. The monkey hang is an ice climbing technique used to overcome a bulge in the ice.
N; Nut is a general term used to describe the wedges used as protection, jammed in a crack with a quick-draw attached.
O; Overhangs and roofs describe climbing terrain where just as is sounds, is climbing horizontally, upside down. The rock could either be in a cave or a jutting out rock that is over-vertical.
P; Pitons or pegs are used as protection. It is driven into the rock securely and a girth hitch or karabiner is attached.
Q; Quick-draw was originally a trade name; however the name caught on and is now used to describe an extension or short sling. Usually made of nylon webbing with sewn loops at each end to facilitate a karabiner.
R; Rack. Your rack is all of your gear you are carrying for the climb. Usually organized on your harness, and slings or tied (rope) around your body.
S; Soloing is climbing without a rope for protection.
T; Twin rope is the term used to describe using two smaller ropes together as one rope for protection.
U; Undercling or undercut is an upside down hold and is usually more difficult to hold.
V; Verglas is the thin ice that forms on rocks from rain or melting snow is frozen.
W; Well protected, is the term used to describe a route that has more than sufficient protection and runners in place.
Y; Yosemite hoist is an assisted hoist used to haul up small loads. It consists of a karabiner or pulley attached above the load, a rope threaded through the pulley and tied to the load.
Z; Z pulley rescue system, or 3:1 pulley system allows a large mechanical advantage to the puller. Used to lift heavy loads such as an unconscious climber too safety.
1. Traditional style rugs replicate the classic patterns, colors, and styles of antique rugs. Below we outline some of the most popular rugs in the traditional style category.
Oriental or Persian: 'Oriental' is an out-of-date term meaning 'of the East', with 'the East' being defined as a vast region reached by early European explorers when they travelled east over the Mediterranean Sea or by circling the southern tip of Africa. Oriental rugs loosely classify any rug in one of the original styles characteristic of these regions' rug weavers. Rug weaving began due to funcitonal necessity, and evolved into an art. Rugs were originally created by travelling tribes of shepherds who made themselves blankets and floor mats for comfortable sleeping. The craft was developed to include hand-woven flat weave rugs as well as dense, cushiony, cut-pile hand-knotted rugs, and a variety of other interpretations that developed into unique design and manufacturing traditions. Persian and oriental rugs feature intricate patterns, including many that specific to particular tribes of weavers. The motifs and patterns used can identify where an ancient rug was made, and who made it. Western explorers who found these beautifully handmade rugs recognized their exotic aesthetic appeal and purchased them for consumers back home. As demand for the beautiful 'oriental' rugs developed, so did the trade. The oriental rugs were originally made, from start to finish, completely by hand. Wool was sheared from sheep or goats and spun into yarns that were woven or knotted together on ancient loom structures. For hundreds of years this trade progressed, and while the traditional hand-made techniques for rug weaving are being replaced with more efficient machines as well as synthetic dyes and materials, the traditional patterns of the original oriental and persian rugs are still being manufactured today. Handmade imported rugs are usually more expensive than the machine-manufactured alternatives. CSN Rugs offers a wonderful selection of both.
Tribal Flat-Weaves:Many tribal flat-weave rugs are also examples of oriental or Persian styles. Styles like kilims and dhurries were woven originally by nomadic peoples to be used as blankets. However, similar weaving styles are also characteristic of Native American and Central American rugs, including rugs that fall under the often misused classification of Navajo rugs. Flat-weave rugs are made on looms. Warps are stretched vertically from the bottom to the top of the loom. The wefts are then woven through the warps to create a flat textile surface. Patterns in flat-weave rugs must be simple, due to the weaving technique. Therefore, geometric and simple pastoral designs are typical of the tribal flat-weave rug styles. CSN Rugs carries a large selection of rugs made in the traditional flat-weaving techniques and patterns of both the nomadic tribes of Southern and Western Asia and the Native American tribes of the Southwestern United States and Mexico.
Aubusson and Savonnerie:Aubusson and Savonnerie rugs are related styles that originated in France in the 15th century. Elegant, floral, and extremely popular with modern designers, Aubusson rugs are making a resurgence in modern homes. Typically featuring floral medallions in open fields, Aubusson rugs were originally flat-weave rugs. Today the Aubusson patterns have been adapted into more foot-friendly pile rugs. The Aubusson is the model for many contemporary Indian and Persian rug styles. Savonnerie rugs have always been pile carpets, and look similar to Persian rugs from Kerman. Savonnerie rugs have an impressionist quality that many people find to be very appealing. Aubusson and Savonnerie styles have evolved into several main styles over the course of the following centuries, right up until the turn of the 20th century. Other style names for the Aubusson and Savonnerie designs include Antoinette, Josephine and Maison.
2. Transitional style is easy to approach for the do-it-yourself designer. Transitional rugs combine both contemporary and traditional design styles into one, creating a look that is both classic and modern. Transitional rugs join contemporary elements like animal prints with traditional borders, simplify antique patterns into clean lines and shapes, and add bright colors to the antique look of traditional rugs. The versatility of transitional rugs makes them a good choice if you're not sure which of the less flexible styles suits your taste or your home ? transitional carpets work in pretty much any setting.
Solid: Simple yet bold, bright and lively, our solid rugs come in a variety of fun colors. You can find almost any color in our many collections, so go ahead and find something to match your home's d
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