Spots and stains: cleaning hardwood floors
Instrucions for cleaning hardwood floors and removing stains.
Any grating substance such as sand, dirt, or grit, will dull the surface of hardwood floors. By observing a few rules today, your need for restoration will be far less likely and the floor will look luxurious for many years. Sweep, vacuum, or dust mop, at least every week, and place mats or rugs at the entranceway to trap as much dirt and dust as possible.
Avoid beater bars this can cause indentations in the surface of the floor. Use a brush attachment.
* Dust mopping
Use a non-abrasive dust mop with a soft cotton head. Some floor manufacturers suggest using a floor treatment as well.
The broom used to sweep a hardwood floor will need to have fine bristles, with feathered ends, that will be very gentle on the floor's surface.
Dragging furniture across the floor will damage it significantly. Lift the furniture at all times when repositioning it in your room. Using felt "shoes" under the legs would help to avoid scratches when furniture is accidentally scooted across floor.
Over a period, too much sun can discolor wood finishes. Darken the room by closing curtains and blinds during the time of day when the sun is most intense.
Some (sports related) shoes have hard heel supports and metal nails attached to the sole?"stop" and do not enter, they will most surely damage the finish of your wood floor.
Stains will need your immediate attention on wood floors. Keep them waxed as needed and wipe up any drops of fluid that may be spilled on the floor as soon as possible.
Fruit Juices Coffee
As a basic first step, it is good to remember to remove a stain start at the outer circumference and work to the inside. This will not allow the stain to continue to spread outward. Warm a soft cotton cloth with hot water, and use a mild abrasive as in a scouring powder. Massage the spot easily do not apply pressure.
Mold or Mildew
Your wood floors need good ventilation; air that is not moving and is stagnating will encourage the growth of mold in your home and on your wood floors. If this has occurred, use a solution of 1-cup water and 1/4 cup common household bleach. Use a soft cotton cloth and wipe the mold away gently. It is suggested you wear a mask when dealing with mold.
Water Rings that have turned white
Use steel wool (No. 1) and rub the stain, the area will need to have wax re-applied to the stained area. If unsuccessful with the steel wool, use very fine sandpaper and lightly sand the area. The stain, and area encircling, can be cleaned with (no.1) steel wool and a good floor cleaner or mineral spirits. After the floor is dry, a comparable finish for wood floors can be applied. Spread the area very thin, "feathering" the newly applied finish around the circumference allowing it to dry. When completely dry re-wax the floor.
Chewing gum or wax product
Fill a secure Ziploc plastic bag with ice cubes and place it over the wax or gum. This should cause the wax or gum to harden, and become breakable. Use a plastic scraper, spatula, or plastic paint scraper, and gently remove the material. The floor will need to be re-polished.
Oily or greasy substance
First remove the stain as well as possible with old newspaper or paper towels. Immerse a cloth in dry cleaning fluid and saturate the stain.
Another idea is, to use a soap that contains lye (perhaps homemade lye soap) and rub it on the stain. Alternatively if that fails, drench a cloth with hydrogen peroxide and lay it over thee greasy area. A second layer saturated with ammonia is then placed over that the first layer. This should be duplicated until the stain is removed.
This requires ammonia to remove the stain. Use cold water and ammonia in equal parts, to remove the stain. Re-wax and buff.
This may be easily removed by a simple solution of detergent and warm water. If this is not successful, use a soft cotton cloth moistened with any of the following: ammonia, linseed oil, liquid or paste wax, denatured alcohol or silver polish. You will need to re-wax and polish.
Collect a no.1 steel wool pad, and a floor cleaner, or perhaps mineral spirits. Clean the spots or stains and the surrounding region. Dampen a cloth with normal household vinegar and carefully wash the area. It may take a short while but the stain will most likely vanish. If by chance the spots are still noticeable use fine sandpaper and sand, feathering around edges about 4 inches. Re-wax and polish the floor.
Extremely dark stains or spots
If you have tried several applications of vinegar on these stains and have had no success then you may apply a solution of Oxalic acid, use this strictly according to the label instructions. This is a bleaching medium and can be purchased in hardware and paint stores. You will definitely have to re-stain and refinish the floor once oxalic acid is used, to rematch the first color. Follow the directions and allow the mixture to set on the spots and stains for a time and then sponge off. More than one attempt may have to be attempted before stains will fade or come off completely.
If the burn is not deep and penetrating, there is a good chance it can be removed by using steel wool moistened with soap and water.
It is always important to start processing at the edge of any spot or stained area, and move into the center to avoid spreading the solution outward. It is most probable that re-waxing and buffing will need to be done after each stain removal.
Four Tips for Choosing Men's Dress Shoes
Choosing men's dress shoes is not always an easy task to take complete. Most men do not give a lot of consideration to their footwear and when they do they rarely have any idea what to look for. When it comes to formal shoes, there are a variety of styles and levels of quality that affect a decision just as much as color and style. So how do you choose men's dress shoes? There are four things you should consider in the selection process.
First of all, you should consider the practicality of the shoes. Are they well made? Are they going to be comfortable throughout the day? To begin with, make sure you get a pair of shoes with good padding and a solid insole. The average person takes over 4,000 steps a day, which is right around 3 miles. With that information in mind, it is important to choose a dress shoe that is comfortable and offers good solid support for your feet. The emphasis there should really be on support. With good support you will end up with more comfort. The arch of your foot is a very sensitive body part. Your arches should be properly supported in order to have good overall comfort, as well as good foot health.
Secondly, consider the durability of the shoe. With a person taking so many steps per day, the wear on the shoes can be considerable if you wear them with any frequency. Look for a dress shoe with a good thick sole. In addition, strong stitching will help the rest of the shoe hold up against the wear and tear of each step you take. Look for something that will offer you good thick soles as well as tight stitching. The thick soles may actual do double duty for you since they can tend to absorb more of the shock of the day's walking by putting more material between your feet and the ground.
Once you have the practicalities of comfort and durability taken care of, you might want to look at the fashion side of the shoes. First, consider the color of the shoes. Color is important, because despite what most men think, dress shoes are not all the same. Black and brown are your two main men's dress shoe colors, and ideally you would have one pair in each of the colors. Brown shoes are needed to wear with khaki, blue, green, and other earth tones. On the other hand, you need the black shoes to go with black pants or white and cream colors. If you are only going to buy one pair of shoes, then you really have to look at your own wardrobe and see if it works best, overall, with brown, black, or some alternative color that is appropriate for your attire.
Another consideration in terms of fashion is the style of the men's dress shoe you are going to choose. There are a variety of levels of dressiness. You should consider where you are going to wear the shoes the most. Increasingly, our society is getting away from formal and leaning more toward casual. Casual dress shoes may actually be much more versatile for you than dressier men's shoes. If you find a comfortable shoe with a nice casual look, you can actually get them to look more formal with the right attire with them. Remember, these are your shoes, not everyone is going to pay as much attention to them as you will.
Choosing men's dress shoes is certainly not an easy task for most guys. You know you need to get dress shoes because of your job, because of a party, or simply because it completes your wardrobe more readily. Once you know you need them, you should start considering how to pick them out. There are a number of factors to consider in dress shoes for most, but there are four that are perhaps the most important. You should make sure that your shoes are durable so that they will last. They should be thick soled so that they are comfortable as well. You should make sure you get the right color or colors as well. Lastly, make sure the dress shoes you choose are the right style for what you need.