The basics of kayaking - Whitewater kayaking gear: tips on buying a kayak
Buying a whitekayak can be a big investment. Follow these tips to learn how to go about purchasing your own boat.
hasing a whitewater kayak is a big investment. Sure, you may spend a lot of money on rentals throughout the year but that is in small increments. This time you must put down a lot of money all at once. How can you make sure you are buying a kayak that will fit your needs and your budget? Follow this advice and you will be on your way to paddling in your own whitewater kayak.
Whitewater kayaks usually are shorter (less than 8.5 feet in length) than traditional kayaks in order to make them more maneuverable in choppy seas. Whitewater kayaks are shaped with more rounded bottoms, and they have more upturn on the ends. These two structural differences allow whitewater kayaks to better ride through waves and turn easily. Whitewater kayaks are not easy to keep in a straight line because their use mainly is for traveling through choppy whitewater and rapids.
Since whitewater kayaking is becoming more popular, you now can find more "beginning" whitewater kayaks. These boats are built with flatter bottoms and less steep upturns on the ends, making them more stable and less likely to change direction when a paddler places slightly more power on one stroke. While whitewater kayaking relies heavily on speed and maneuverability, these kayaks offer beginners rugged, stable boats that can handle the pressure of whitewater without the potential of being unable to control the boat or flipping upside down.
Nearly all whitewater kayaks are made of plastic. Plastic kayaks are rigid and strong and, therefore, less likely to need a lot of upkeep than fiberglass boats. These durable kayaks can be of very high quality and are usually on the low-end of the price scale. Most manufacturers now use plastic exclusively for non-racing whitewater kayaks. One thing to remember: if you damage a plastic kayak, repairs can be difficult or impossible.
All kayaks have built in storage space you can fill up with gear when you head out for a day trip or a week-long adventure. The amount of storage can determine how long of a trip you can take; this space needs to hold all your camping gear, as well as extra water and food. The size of the storage holes is something to be checked out prior to purchase if you plan to take any large items (such as extra water jugs) with you.
Another consideration is to make sure the cockpit is comfortable for you to sit in for long periods of time. Today many kayaks are built with larger cockpits that allow paddlers to enter and exit the boat without having to squeeze in and out of a tight space. Many cockpits are ergonomically designed so that paddlers can put their legs out at a comfortable position, as well as have room to shift during a whitewater excursion. Comfort should not be overlooked since you often may wish to paddle for hours at a time. If you do not try out the seats to make sure they offer the necessary support and comfort, you could be uncomfortable and unable to paddle efficiently and effectively.
The important thing to do when buying a whitewater kayak is to assess your ability level, make a list of the features you most desire, and determine how much you are willing to spend. Then, take that list with you to a reputable, well-informed retailer. The salesperson should be able to help you find a whitewater kayak that fits your needs, as well as your budget. A final thought on the purchasing process is to make sure you find out the return/exchange policy at the store you purchase your boat at ? many kayak retailers will allow you to ?test drive? your kayak for a limited amount of time in order to make sure you get a boat that satisfies your needs and desires.
Eye Brow Shaping - How to Shape and Define Your Eyebrows
Eye brow shaping, in the make-up application process, should be done before applying foundation, concealer and powder to the face. Defining your eyebrows before applying eye make up, cheek color or lipstick makes a big difference in the overall balance you are trying to create.
Make-up artists consider eyebrows and eye brow shaping the most important facial feature because well defined eye brows will frame the eyes, make them look bigger and give the face a polished look.
Shapeless and messy eyebrows can ruin any make-up effect you try to create. You can have a facialist wax them but first be sure she knows which shape you want. Although there are many choices, the most elegant brow shape is long, clean, and natural.
Hold the Tweezers!...
The main purpose of eye brow shaping and removing unwanted hair from the eyebrow area is to create a flattering arch that enhances the eye. Make sure that you have a clear idea of the shape you wish to achieve before you pick up a pair of tweezers. It's best to stick to a naturally trimmed look, unless you are trying to create a more dramatic effect.
If you are thinking of plucking your eye brows for the first time, see a professional before you do. Many times the hair tweezed during eye brow shaping does not grow back right or does not grow back at all. Either way, you will need a good pair of tweezers and the ability to use them correctly. Few makeup tricks can help you look as good as a pair of beautiful eye brows can.
Most of us women have eyebrows that require some type of definition (eye brow shaping) to look complete. Applying make-up to your eyebrows helps them stand out and look complete. At first, you may feel the eye brow pencil has exaggerated your eye brows. Just remember that your are used to seeing your old look and it takes a short time to adjust to a new look.
Eye Brow Shaping to Perfection...
Begin the eye brow shaping process by balancing your eyebrow so that it is proportionate with the rest of your face. Look in the mirror and place imaginary lines (or a pencil) across your face to match the lines shown here. Do this on both sides of the nose and pluck only in between. Be careful about the distance between the inner brows and the length of the brows. A. Imagine a vertical line going up from the outside of your nostril towards your forehead. The inner part of the eyebrow should converge with this line. B. A straight line going out from the outside corner of your nostril past the outer corner of your eye marks the end of your eyebrow. C. Your arch should be found two thirds of the way from your inner eyebrow.
Plucking Your Eye Brows Away...
No two eyebrows are exactly the same but during this eye brow shaping phase you can achieve as symmetrical a look as possible. Start by using tweezers with pointed or slanted tips since they grip the hairs best.
Never pluck the top of your eye brows, always pluck below the eye brow line, and follow it's natural arch. You can use the top of the brow as a guideline to shape the bottom.
You will notice that the eyebrow gets narrower as it goes upwards and outwards. Pluck the hairs out toward the ears following the natural hair growth. Pluck slowly and check your eye brow shaping progress often by looking in the mirror.
1. Brush the eyebrow upwards and back using a mascara wand or brow brush, then brush downwards the hair to be removed.
2. Draw over your eyebrow a very dark outline of the shape you want using a dark eyebrow pencil. Make sure both eyebrows are as symmetrical as possible, then remove any hairs outside the outline.
3. You can remove the hairs outside this outline using tweezers. Pluck each hair as close to the root as possible. Pluck one hair at a time, always pluck from underneath the brow and pull hairs in their growth direction using a swift, sharp movement.
4. After plucking, brush eyebrows into shape using an eye brow brush. Work upward and outward to give the brow more definition. Your eye brow shaping phase is complete.
5. To achieve symmetry you can use eyebrow pencil or shadow to define the eye brows. Use light strokes to fill in any gaps.
6. Brush through again with the brow brush to blend in the eyebrow pencil. You can use hair spray to keep hairs in place by spraying a clean mascara wand and combing it through the eyebrow.
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